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Is The Use of Multiple Social Media Platforms Likely To Make You More Depressed & Anxious?
Going into the details, the analysis done through a survey shows that people who regularly use more social media platforms show more risk of anxiety and depression compared to those who use less of those.
Brian A. Primack M.D P.H.D, Director of UPMC said:
“This association is strong enough that clinicians could consider asking their patients with depression and anxiety about multiple platform use and counselling them that this use may be related to their symptoms.
We can’t tell from this study whether depressed and anxious people seek out multiple platforms or whether something about using multiple platforms can lead to depression and anxiety, in either case the results are potentially valuable.”
Details of the Study
For the purpose of this study, Primack and his colleagues surveyed 1,782 adults in USA belonging to ages 19 to 32. The survey was about their use of social media, with an established depression assessment tool used as well to track their responses.
The social media platforms which were involved in the questionnaire were the most famous ones. They included Facebook, YouTube, Google Plus, Twitter, LinkedIn, Snapchat, Reddit, Tumblr, Instagram, Vine and Pinterest.
The results suggested that participants who used 7 to 11 of these platforms had 3.1 times more of a chance of reporting depression and anxiety than those who used only 2 to 3 of the platforms.
Participants who used all of those 11 social media platforms had 3.3 times more of a chance of reporting anxiety and depression compared to those who only used 2 to 3 of them.
Though the results may be affected by different factors such as race, gender, relationship status, household income, education or total time spent on social media, the main gist of the findings were clear as day.
Three Possible Explanations for the Results
Based on the results, Primack and his team came up with three possible explanations:
- Multitasking, as would happen when switching between platforms, is known to be related to poor cognitive and mental health outcomes.
- The distinct set of unwritten rules, cultural assumptions, and idiosyncrasies of each platform are increasingly difficult to navigate when the number of platforms used rises, which could lead to negative mood and emotions.
- There is more opportunity to commit a social media faux pas when using multiple platforms, which can lead to repeated embarrassments.